Lawmakers representing coal-producing states are using every political device they can – including threatening to trigger a partial government shutdown to holding up a White House nominee – to prevent health care benefits for more than 22,000 retired miners from expiring at the end of April.
Sen. Joe Manchin, a West Virginia Democrat, has threatened to indefinitely delay President Donald Trump’s nominee for U.S. trade representative unless Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell brings the miners health care fix to a vote.
Rep. David McKinley, a West Virginia Republican, threatened to vote against the Republican House leadership’s health care replacement bill as leverage and secured a pledge from President Donald Trump to help the retired miners.
Senate Democrats, including Manchin and Ohio’s Sherrod Brown, almost forced a government shutdown in December over the issue, until McConnell negotiated a four-month extension of the benefits. With the clock ticking on that extension, they haven’t ruled out doing it again.
“We’re gonna just keep doing what we’re doing,” Brown said.
Earlier this month, more than 22,000 retired miners or their widows got notices that they wouldn’t have health care after April 28. It’s the second time in four months this has happened; some 16,000 got identical notices late last year their benefits were at risk.
“The whole point of insurance is it gives you some security,” Brown said. “Well, it’s just outrageous to put people through that.”
Manchin said he’d delay a confirmation vote on Robert Lighthizer, the trade nominee.
“I hate to do it,” Manchin said. “It’s not who I am.”
Manchin said he even told the nominee himself what he planned to do. In Senate language, Manchin is threatening a “hold,” a parliamentary procedure that senators sometimes use as leverage for something a senator wants. It doesn’t mean Manchin opposes Lighthizer.
“I said, ‘Bob I’m sorry.’ You’re the only vehicle I have to get the miners some kind of justice,’” Manchin said he told Lighthizer.
McKinley raised the issue in a White House meeting with more than a dozen House GOP members and Trump on Wednesday to discuss a Republican Obamacare replacement bill. McKinley said Trump agreed to call on House leaders to address the miners’ health benefits.
Trump and Ryan pulled the bill Friday afternoon after they couldn't get enough Republican votes to pass it. It's unclear how the bill's failure will affect negotiations over the miners benefits.
“We have a health care issue that’s unresolved,” McKinley said. “So if I’m going to deal with this health care, let’s finish the deal and help take care of our miners. They deserve to know what the solution is so they can plan.”
Brown said he’d asked Senate Finance Committee Chairman Orrin Hatch, R-Utah, to consider a new bill. In September the committee overwhelmingly approved the Miners Protection Act, a bill co-sponsored by Brown and Manchin, but the measure didn’t come to the Senate floor by year’s end.
Instead, in December, McConnell tried to get a yearlong extension for the benefits. House leaders wouldn’t agree to it and passed a stopgap government spending bill that extended the benefits for four months.
“Would I have preferred that provision to be more generous? Of course I would have,” McConnell said on the Senate floor in December. “My request to the House was to fund it for a full year. But we’ll be back at it in April, and I think it’s highly unlikely that we’ll take it away.”
In January, McConnell introduced a bill that would make the health benefits permanent. McKinley is the lead sponsor of the House version.
Lawmakers expect Congress to approve a permanent fix for the miners this time, but efforts to avoid a cutoff may again come down to the wire. Congress will take a two week recess in the middle of April. When they return, they’ll have four days to act before the late April deadline.
Meanwhile, the Senate has other Trump nominees to confirm, including two Cabinet secretaries and a pick for the Supreme Court.
“I don’t think we’ll address it in the next two weeks,” said Sen. Shelley Moore Capito, a West Virginia Republican who co-sponsored the Miners Protection Act. “But I’m confident that we’re moving in the right direction.”
Capito said another stopgap government spending bill, known as the continuing resolution, would probably be used to fix the miners’ benefits.
“That would be the natural vehicle,” she said.
Coal-state lawmakers said another temporary extension wouldn’t be acceptable.
“Every time we extend it like this, we go up against the deadline,” Brown said.
He predicted that a permanent miners health care fix would get 70 to 80 votes.
“This will get an overwhelming vote,” Brown said.