Iraq Intelligence

September 16, 2004

Iraq reconstruction efforts overcome by ongoing violence

In 1992, the United States launched a covert psychological warfare operation to convince regular Iraqi soldiers that they could keep their jobs if war came and they didn't fight for Saddam Hussein. For 11 years, the pledge was made in leaflets dropped from aircraft, in clandestine radio broadcasts, in covert contacts with Iraqi officers and in U.S. public statements. But when war came, the United States broke its promises.

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