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Japan-China grievances at a glance

China's nationalist fervor against Japan is grounded in Japan's brutal occupation of much of China in 1931-45. In one assault alone, the sacking of the eastern Chinese city of Nanjing in 1937, Japanese troops killed up to 300,000 men, women and children.

The recent grievances:

China's:

_ Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi's annual visits to the Yasukuni shrine, where Japanese war dead, including war criminals, are remembered.

_ Tokyo in December granted a visa for former Taiwan President Lee Teng-hui to spend holidays in Japan. Chinese authorities see Lee as an architect of Taiwan's push for independence.

_ A Japanese Defense Outlook paper in January listed China as a potential military concern.

Japan's:

_ Japan detected a Chinese submarine in its territorial waters on Nov. 10.

_ Chinese police squads stood by in August when riots broke out after a Japanese soccer team played a match in China.

_ Many Japanese feel that China communist leaders tolerate anti-Japanese sentiment as an outlet for frustrations about other issues.

Today:

An annual poll by Japan's Cabinet Office, released in December, showed that about six out of 10 Japanese view China unfavorably.

A similar poll in China found the number of Chinese with unfriendly feelings toward Japan rose from 43 percent last year to 53 percent this year.

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(c) 2005, Knight Ridder/Tribune Information Services.

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