China's nationalist fervor against Japan is grounded in Japan's brutal occupation of much of China in 1931-45. In one assault alone, the sacking of the eastern Chinese city of Nanjing in 1937, Japanese troops killed up to 300,000 men, women and children.
The recent grievances:
_ Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi's annual visits to the Yasukuni shrine, where Japanese war dead, including war criminals, are remembered.
_ Tokyo in December granted a visa for former Taiwan President Lee Teng-hui to spend holidays in Japan. Chinese authorities see Lee as an architect of Taiwan's push for independence.
_ A Japanese Defense Outlook paper in January listed China as a potential military concern.
_ Japan detected a Chinese submarine in its territorial waters on Nov. 10.
_ Chinese police squads stood by in August when riots broke out after a Japanese soccer team played a match in China.
_ Many Japanese feel that China communist leaders tolerate anti-Japanese sentiment as an outlet for frustrations about other issues.
An annual poll by Japan's Cabinet Office, released in December, showed that about six out of 10 Japanese view China unfavorably.
A similar poll in China found the number of Chinese with unfriendly feelings toward Japan rose from 43 percent last year to 53 percent this year.
(c) 2005, Knight Ridder/Tribune Information Services.
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