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Raleigh City Council takes the oath of office 1:27

Raleigh City Council takes the oath of office

MADDIE FOR MAYOR? No, this little girl has other plans! 0:25

MADDIE FOR MAYOR? No, this little girl has other plans!

Francis: 'This campaign for a better Raleigh… is just beginning.' 2:18

Francis: 'This campaign for a better Raleigh… is just beginning.'

Raleigh mayor fires back at runoff challenger 5:43

Raleigh mayor fires back at runoff challenger

Raleigh Mayor Nancy McFarlane addresses supporters after polls close 4:21

Raleigh Mayor Nancy McFarlane addresses supporters after polls close

Raleigh mayoral candidate Charles Francis: 'What a night' 5:26

Raleigh mayoral candidate Charles Francis: 'What a night'

Protesters try to change minds of electoral voters 1:07

Protesters try to change minds of electoral voters

Confrontation between Dallas Woodhouse and NAACP attorney at NC Legislature 1:08

Confrontation between Dallas Woodhouse and NAACP attorney at NC Legislature

Trump's nominee for secretary of defense thanks NC crowd on 'thank you tour' 2:59

Trump's nominee for secretary of defense thanks NC crowd on 'thank you tour'

Trump thanks supporters at Fayetteville rally 11:03

Trump thanks supporters at Fayetteville rally

Understanding the Electoral College: 'A process not a place'

Devised in 1787, the purpose of the Electoral College was a compromise to set a balance between those who wanted the popular vote to determine the election and those who didn't want public input. The number of Congress members a state has is how many electoral votes that state gets. The 2016 election is the fifth time that the Electoral College has resulted in a split verdict of one candidate winning the popular vote and the other the electoral vote – the latter being the one that decides the presidency.