Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel apologized Wednesday to former Army Capt. William Swenson for the mishandling of his Medal of Honor nomination after he criticized his superior officers' decisions during a deadly six-hour battle in Afghanistan.
Hagel said Swenson, who received the delayed Medal of Honor on Tuesday from President Barack Obama at the White House, displayed uncommon courage both on the battlefield in 2009 and in his subsequent willingness to challenge senior commanders.
"He questioned -- he dared to question -- the institution he was faithful to and loyal to," Hagel said at a ceremony where Swenson was inducted into the Pentagon's Hall of Heroes. "Mistakes were made in his case."
Swenson received the military's top honor two years after Obama bestowed the Medal of Honor on another participant in the Sept. 8, 2009, Battle of Ganjgal Valley, Marine Sgt. Dakota Meyer.
An ongoing McClatchy investigation determined that crucial portions of Meyer's accounts of his role in the battle were untrue, unsubstantiated or exaggerated. The McClatchy probe challenged accounts by the Marine Corps and the White House of how Meyer helped extract casualties under fire.
The McClatchy investigation also revealed that Swenson's Medal of Honor nomination from December 2009 had inexplicably vanished from every military computer system midway through the approval process.
By contrast, Meyer's nomination sped through the approval process and led to a book contract, high-profile media appearances and celebrity that he has used to help jobless veterans find work.
At the induction ceremony Wednesday, Army Secretary John McHugh announced major reforms in how the Army handles Medal of Honor nominations.
McHugh directed that all nominations for the award be sent immediately to Army headquarters as soon as the package is created at the battalion level.
Five Americans and 10 Afghans died in the Battle of Ganjgal. Two Army officers later received career-ending reprimands for dereliction of duty by ignoring calls from Swenson and others for air and artillery support for 90 minutes as the fighting raged.
Five days after the battle, Swenson told military investigators that his military officers' delay in sending reinforcements was tied to politically driven rules of engagement concerned over civilian casualties.
"Now, that's courage and that's character," Hagel said of Swenson's willingness to question the rules of engagement. "As the institution itself reflected on that same courage and integrity institutionally, the institution, the United States Army, corrected the mistake. They went back and acknowledged a mistake was made, and they fixed it."
Turning toward Swenson, Hagel apologized for the Pentagon's long delay in honoring his heroism.
"We're sorry that you and your family had to endure through that, but you did and you handled it right," Hagel said.
Swenson, 34, resigned from the Army in February 2011. He lives a quiet life near Puget Sound outside Seattle, where he is unemployed. His request to return to the Army is expected to be approved.