2:40 p.m. update: U.S. Army criminal investigators could not reach the scene of Staff Sgt. Robert Bales alleged massacre in Kandahar Provinces Panjwai District for three weeks because Afghan and American leaders considered the area too dangerous for them to show their faces.
In between, Afghans living in the four compounds Bales allegedly attacked withdrew their belongings and scraped away smatterings of blood to clean up their homes, according to an Army Criminal Investigative Command agent.
Special Agent Matthew Hoffman acknowledged that evidence at the scene could have been degraded, but his team obtained bullet casings that matched weapons Bales reportedly carried during the March 11 killings.
Hoffman also had evidence Afghan criminal investigators gathered on the day of the killings, such as photographs of blood stains that matched dark blotches in the homes that Hoffman saw on his trip to the villages of Alkozai and Najiban on April 2.
Hoffman described elaborate security the Army provided when Afghan and U.S. commanders finally struck a plan to get his team to the scene of the alleged killings.
Hoffmans CID team rolled out in armored Stryker vehicles with one platoon of American soldiers, a platoon of Afghan soldiers, a team of U.S. combat engineers who searched for buried bombs, a separate group of U.S. mine sweepers with canines and two helicopters that stuck with the six-person evidence-gathering squad throughout the day.
Hoffman said the agents and soldiers anticipated an attack. American surveillance cameras had spotted insurgents laying improvised explosive devices on the route to Najiban in the weeks after the massacre.
We were fully expecting to be attacked at any time, he said. We just didnt know how long wed have on the ground.
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10 a.m. update: Staff Sgt. Robert Bales leaders in his Joint Base Lewis-McChord Stryker brigade gave him an especially demanding assignment in Afghanistan last winter because they believed he was among their best soldiers, his company first sergeant said in court today.
We needed to put our best guys with a Special Forces team at Village Stability Platform Belambay, 1st Sgt. Vernon Bigham said today.
Bighams testimony reflected the high regard soldiers held for Bales before the Army sent him to Fort Leavenworth, Kan. as an accused mass murderer of Afghan civilians in March.
Up until then, soldiers looked at him as an old school noncommissioned officer who kept his troops focused and deserved a promotion.
I was trying to groom him to make that next step, Bigham said. I thought he was very capable.
Bales is in court for the third day of testimony in an evidence hearing that could result in a death-penalty court-martial for the four-time combat veteran. Hes accused of murdering 16 Afghan civilians in two villages outside Belambay.
Bigham testified over a video teleconference link from Kandahar Air Field to a courtroom in Lewis-McChord. He is the senior noncommissioned officer in B Company of the 2nd Battalion, 3rd Infantry Regiment. The battalion belongs to the 3rd Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division.
Bigham said the Army gave his battalion an unusual mission when it sent the soldiers to Afghanistan last December as part of an attachment to Special Forces detachments across southern Afghanistan. It was an entirely new assignment for infantry soldiers who were more accustomed to working with each other and close to their commands.
Instead, Bighams company with some 160 to 200 soldiers had troops at 14 different sites. As a result, Bigham had less oversight than normal on the soldiers he trained for a yearlong deployment in southern Afghanistan.
We gave up control of our guys to the Special Forces teams, Bigham said.
His testimony revealed Bales focus on earning a promotion to sergeant first class. Thats a significant promotion for enlisted soldiers, and one that receives more scrutiny on the Armys selection list.
Bigham was setting Bales up for that promotion by making him a platoon sergeant responsibility that often goes to a sergeant first class instead of Bales rank of staff sergeant.
In the months before the deployment, the Army sent the 2nd Battalion more soldiers, including additional sergeants first class. Bigham had to return Bales to his traditional assignment as a squad leader over about eight soldiers instead of about 40.
Bigham went to bat for Bales, but was overruled.
I thought it was too late in the game too close to the deployment to make those kinds of decisions, he said.
Bales was disappointed.
He felt like he was getting fired, Bigham remembered. I had to sit him down and told him youre not getting fired. Theres someone whos more senior than you. Its part of the process.
Still, Bigham said Bales seemed excited about the coming deployment. He frequently had his soldiers on the firing range getting ready for the mission.
Bales did not confide in Bigham concerns about past head injuries or post-traumatic stress disorder two conditions that Bales attorneys have suggested could have influenced his behavior in Afghanistan and should have kept him at home. Bigham said he would not have sent Bales to Belambay if Bales had told his first sergeant that he suffered from PTSD or a traumatic brain injury.
Bales and Bigham were close at their home station. They hung out together, and talked about their families.
I looked at Sgt. Bales as a family man. He talked about his kids all the time, Bigham said.
But Bales also told Bigham about discord in his marital life. Hes now the third soldier to testify that Bales complained about his wife, Kari. Kari has heard this testimony sitting in court behind her husband for the third straight day.
Bigham last saw Bales at Kandahar Air Field where Bales waited to be sent to a military prison. Bales seemed remorseful.
He pointed to the 2nd Infantry Division patch he and Bigham both wear to identify their units.
I know this means something to you guys, he told Bigham, according to a statement a prosecutor read and Bigham confirmed.
Bales also seemed to want to confess to Bigham. Bigham wouldnt let him.
He invoked his rights, so I didnt want him to talk about those things to me, Bigham said.