Republican hopeful Newt Gingrich, under pressure from his party's establishment, pulled a Spanish-language ad in which he had accused his rival Gov. Mitt Romney of being "anti-immigrant." But was the ad really unfair?
The question will not go away, and will haunt Republicans for the remainder of the race if Romney wins the Republican nomination. President Barack Obamas campaign will surely make the most of it.
Gingrich yanked the ad, which claimed that Romney is the most anti-immigration candidate, after conservative Hispanic Sen. Marco Rubio. complained that it was inaccurate and inflammatory. Gingrich said he was withdrawing that ad out of respect for the Florida Senator, but did not retract from the its content in later interviews and public debates leading to Tuesdays Florida Republican primary.
Hours later, in Thursdays CNN debate, Romney responded that the ad was simply inexcusable, and defined himself as a pro-legal immigration candidate.
So who is right? The fact is that both Romney and Gingrich have used a hard-line rhetoric against immigrants in the Iowa and South Carolina primaries, and have softened their rhetoric somewhat in recent days as their campaigns shifted to Florida, where 13 percent of voters are Hispanic. But pro-immigration advocates say Romney has taken the most extreme positions on immigration.
On deportations: Romney said at the Dec. 10, 2011, debate in Iowa that the estimated 11 million undocumented people living in the country should be given a transition period to settle their affairs and then return home. He later described it as a self-deportation plan.
Gingrich responded that he would allow people who have lived here for 25 years and have strong ties to the community to apply for U.S. residency, although not for citizenship. Thats more realistic, and more humane, he said.
On Arizona, Alabama and South Carolinas harsh anti-immigration laws, which allow local police to ask people for their immigration papers under certain circumstances, both Romney and Gingrich have embraced them. But Romney on Jan. 11 got the endorsement of Kansas Secretary of State Kris Kobach, the legal architect of Arizona-styled anti-immigration laws, and called him a true leader on securing our borders.
On undocumented college students: Romney and Gingrich have opposed the Dream Act a bill that would give legal status to soldiers and college students who were brought to this country as children by no fault of their own and said they would veto it. Both now say they would make an exception with those who serve in the military.
Most pro-immigration advocates, while disliking both Republican front-runners, say they dislike Romney the most.
Romneys self-deportation strategy is an ugly plan aimed at harassing undocumented immigrants until they flee the country, says Frank Sharry, head of the Americas Voice advocacy group. It leads to the institutionalized abuse of hardworking immigrants, and to widespread discrimination against Latinos
My opinion: Romney, and to a lesser degree Gingrich, are badly hurting the Republican Partys chances in November by alienating Hispanic voters. They come across as pandering to xenophobes by playing up the anti-immigration theme at a time when illegal immigration has slowed down dramatically since the 2008 U.S. recession.
And Romneys argument that he is not anti-immigration, but pro-legal immigration, is deceiving. There is no realistic way of achieving self-deportation of 11 million people without turning America into a police state.
And there will be no realistic way of stopping the flow of undocumented immigrants unless the U.S. visa system is expanded to accommodate people who are being hired by U.S. employers to fill jobs that Americans wont do. It now takes at least 18 years for a Mexican migrant, and up to 70 years yes, you read right for a highly skilled Indian immigrant to get a U.S. visa, immigration advocacy groups say.
I know, every time I write this I get swamped with angry tweets from furious conservatives who call me a liberal open-borders advocate. They should not listen to me, but to former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush, who cannot be accused of being a Commie. In a Jan. 25 interview with CNN, Bush regretted the tone of Republicans rhetoric on immigration, adding that I dont think a party can aspire to be the majority party if its the old white guy party.
He is right. I would have only added that, especially in Romneys case, whats offensive to most Hispanics is not just his tone, but his anti-immigrant message. Unless he changes it, Gingrichs ad cannot be called unfair.
ABOUT THE WRITER
Andres Oppenheimer is a Miami Herald syndicated columnist and a member of The Miami Herald team that won the 1987 Pulitzer Prize. He also won the 1999 Maria Moors Cabot Award, the 2001 King of Spain prize, and the 2005 Emmy Suncoast award. He is the author of Castro's Final Hour; Bordering on Chaos, on Mexico's crisis; Cronicas de heroes y bandidos, Ojos vendados, Cuentos Chinos and most recently of Saving the Americas. E-mail Andres at firstname.lastname@example.org. Live chat with Oppenheimer every Thursday at 1 p.m. at The Miami Herald.